What are the manufacturing techniques of socks?插图

I don’t know if you know. Socks are the general name. According to the raw materials, there are cotton yarn socks, wool socks, silk stockings and all kinds of chemical fiber socks. According to the shape, there are stockings, middle stockings, short stockings, flat mouth, rib mouth, heel, no heel, jacquard, weaving and other styles and varieties. How are these various socks produced? Weave a fully shaped sock. The knitting method and process are different due to the types of socks and the characteristics of hosiery machine.

1、 Forming process of socks

Socks are shaped products. The knitting method and process of weaving a sock with complete shape are different due to the types of socks and the characteristics of hosiery machine. There are roughly the following forms.

Three step forming

On the single needle hosiery machine, the weaver weaves socks according to the. The hosiery opening is completed on the rib machine. It can also be lined with rubber cord or spandex rib hosiery opening. Then, the sock mouth is transferred to the needle cylinder of the hosiery machine through the pricking disc, and then the sock system, sock heel, sock foot, reinforcing ring, sock head, holding horizontal row and other sections are woven. After getting off the machine, only a sock blank with the sock head open. In the future, socks will be sewn by a head sewing machine. Weaving a sock requires three machines.

Two step forming

Knitting flat socks on the folding hosiery machine can automatically start and fold to form a flat needle double-layer hosiery mouth, and then weave each part of the hosiery blank in sequence. Another kind of hosiery machine can weave the false rib of flat needle liner rubber or spandex on the hosiery machine. Other machines can also weave into single rib, double rib, etc., and then weave other sections after weaving. After these socks are off the machine, they must be sewn into Socks by a head sewing machine. Weaving a sock requires only two machines.

The double needle tube hosiery machine has upper and lower needle tubes. The rib sock mouth and each part of the sock blank can be woven on the hosiery machine, but the head still needs to be sewed after getting off the machine. It also belongs to two-step forming.

One step forming

The sock mouth is transferred to the needle cylinder through the pricking disc, which is called “cuff”, and the sock head is sewed, which is called “sewing head”. These two processes have high labor intensity, low production efficiency and consume raw materials at the same time. After technical innovation, China has developed a “single program full-automatic hosiery machine” with China’s unique style, so that the three processes of hosiery mouth weaving, hosiery weaving and sewing can be formed continuously on one hosiery machine.

2、 Socks production process

There are many processes from raw materials entering the factory to finished socks. Each process must be carried out under certain conditions in accordance with certain methods and requirements. The whole process is the sock production process. The production process of socks factory must be formulated according to the performance of raw materials, requirements of finished products, equipment used, etc. Reasonable technology can shorten the production cycle and achieve the purpose of high quality, high yield and low cost.

Before the product is put into production, it mainly goes through several steps: sample, duplicate sample, approval and production. The processing process of raw materials includes dyeing before weaving and weaving before dyeing. The process is determined according to the conditions of products, raw materials and equipment. At present, most cotton stockings and elastic nylon stockings are dyed first and then woven, while plain cotton stockings and nylon stockings are woven first and then dyed. Taking four kinds of socks as examples, this paper briefly lists the production process.

Fancy cotton socks

Stranding raw materials → scouring → mercerizing → dyeing → winding → weaving rib → weaving socks → inspection → sewing head → inspection → ironing socks → finishing → finished products leave the factory.

Elastic nylon stockings

Stranding raw materials → dyeing → winding → weaving rib → weaving socks → inspection → sewing head → inspection → setting → finishing → finished products leave the factory.

Plain cotton socks

Canned raw materials → winding → knitting rib → knitting socks → inspection → sewing head → inspection → dyeing → ironing socks → finishing → finished products leave the factory.

Nylon stockings

Canned raw materials → rib weaving → rib shaping → socks weaving → inspection → sewing head → inspection → first shaping → dyeing → second shaping → finishing → finished products leave the factory.

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